The Differences between 2G 3G 4G 5G

The Differences between 2G 3G 4G 5G, Expert third parties are invited to provide their perspectives on the industry’s most important issues on a regular basis by Telecoms.com. Maria Lema, Co-Founder of Weaver Labs, predicts the growth of mobile network technology over the next five years in this article.

Vodafone recently stated that its 3G network will be decommissioned in order to focus on growing its 4G and 5G networks. This follows BT’s announcement this summer of EE’s plans to abandon its 3G legacy network while preparing to launch a 5G core network upgrade in 2023.

According to a McKinsey analysis, mobile operators are preparing for 5G with a mix of reluctance and excitement: while they recognise that it will open up new opportunities, they also recognise that they will need to raise their infrastructure expenditures in this technology. Web3 can assist telecoms networks coordinate in a decentralized way through multiple contributions of infrastructure, reducing the load on investment by enabling multiple-supplier networks, which is a significant area where Web3 can increase 5G connection.

Is 2022 the year that 5G truly takes off, and what does this mean for Web3’s evolution? Do we dare to discuss 6G plans?

Here are some thoughts on what to anticipate in the year 2022.

Are we prepared for a new era?

It’s crucial to assess the potential consequences of 3G’s demise on the country. To begin with, the shift will have an impact on hundreds of thousands of older individuals who have not yet embraced the smartphone revolution. Despite Vodafone’s assurances that it will “leave no one behind,” turning off 3G will have a significant impact on those living in remote areas who have limited or no access to 5G.

To mitigate this, Web3 can assist in the integration of networks, an area that is currently being researched inside 5G, making it more appealing for new network owners to deploy infrastructure in places that will be left vulnerable. As a result of these advantages, the rollout of 5G could be sped up even more.

When it comes to contemplating a new generation following 5G, we believe the focus should be on how to begin creating an evolution of the present one, as 5G promised a lot that has yet to be delivered. We won’t present justifications for or against the natural course of research and technology because it’s only natural that technology evolves.

The telecoms industry is already looking into important research areas, such as understanding future network architectures like service orchestration and automation, as well as beginning to delve deeper into network security and reliability, as well as incorporating Web3 platforms to address supply chain challenges. Web3’s acceleration lays a solid platform for the deployment of 5G by assisting in the financialization of the telecoms ecosystem, hence democratising access to telecoms infrastructure. In addition, other academics are investigating more technical issues including anti-spoofing, radio wave propagation, and photonic devices.

There’s still a lot to learn about the function of satellites in 5G, much alone 6G, as well as the interaction between cloud and edge, and how we might softwarize and virtualize 5G components without compromising performance.

Finally, with the worldwide Carbon Neutrality Net Zero Emissions target approaching, more research and collaboration is needed to determine how the telecoms industry will innovate to fulfill these long-term goals.

These are all areas of mobile network evolution that don’t exactly fall under the title of a new generation, but there are still significant research problems that will shape the evolution of 5G and the entire telecoms industry.

So…do we think we’re there yet?

To be able to state “nearly,” we must examine three crucial contributing factors:

Diversification, interoperability, new architectures, and softwarization are all important factors to consider.

The whole telecoms sector is working to make the industry more diverse and interoperable. The fact that 5G introduces virtualisation makes it conceivable, but the telecoms industry isn’t known for its software expertise, and there’s still a lot of work to be done to minimise the mobile network’s complexity.

Blockchain technology is a crucial approach for addressing the telecoms ecosystem’s lack of interoperability. The decentralized solution will keep bad actors out of operating networks while keeping networks open and built on open source platforms; it’s a formula that’s hard to beat.

Now, most networks are made up of software components, yet the telecoms industry refuses to shift to scalable software structures. The software industry has years of expertise working with Microservice designs, Open protocols, and Open standards to create parts that can function together. In telecoms, we still need to accept that. We will see an explosion of software solutions that address interoperability and automation through open platforms in the next years.

Security and Resilience

For the next few years, cybersecurity will be one of the most critical problems in telecommunications. Cyber attacks have had a real-world impact in the UK and globally, according to the National CyberSecurity Center’s 2021 annual assessment, impacting food and fuel supplies and costing businesses and governments hundreds of millions of pounds.

We haven’t paid enough attention to security in the past, and expanding the supply chain introduces new threats and vulnerabilities. In particular, when it comes to deploying Web3 systems across many channels, cyber security is critical. There’s no doubt that the impending need for Web3 will necessitate greater network regulation, especially with 6G on the horizon. The zero-trust security framework of blockchain provides extremely accessible and transparent security features via a visible blockchain, allowing restricted operators to see all transactions.

As a result, a Zero Trust strategy appears to be a good method, especially in the context of a very complicated setup like OpenRAN, but further research is needed in this area. We’re also curious how large telecom service providers will address the new telecom security regulations, as well as how equipment vendors will incorporate software development security policies into their product development. The Differences between 2G 3G 4G 5G.

New network models for universal coverage are being developed.

Aside from the technical issues of making networks interoperable through the use of open interfaces and standards, there’s a new focus on commercial models and flexible platforms to speed deployments and provide connection where it’s needed. There are still numerous obstacles to deploying networks in the streets, and interior coverage remains a hot topic in all telecoms forums. The “Network of Networks” is a decentralized commercial model built on Web3 infrastructure that can enable innovative business models and create a governance framework to help with the capabilities of the Neutral Host model.

Despite the fact that there are still milestones to be completed, 5G global connections have already surpassed 438 million, indicating that the transition to 6G is closer than we might think. With cybersecurity serving as a critical basis for interoperability, the prospect of 6G appears to be becoming more plausible. Because of the incredible flexibility that 5G provides, the eventual arrival of 6G will be able to fully support Web3 integration, assuming it addresses some of the basic software concerns we discussed before. The Differences between 2G 3G 4G 5G.

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